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Timothy Alan Judge

Franklin D. Schurz Professor of Management


Timothy Judge received his Ph.D. from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign in 1990. Before entering the doctoral program at Illinois, he was a Manager with Kohl's Department stores in Wisconsin and Illinois. Previously, Judge was a faculty member at Cornell University, the University of Iowa, and, most recently, the University of Florida. In his career, he has published 130 articles in refereed journals, including 82 articles in top-tier journals. Judge is a fellow of the Academy of Management, the American Psychological Association, and the American Psychological Society. He serves on the editorial review boards of eight journals, including Academy of Management Journal, Journal of Applied Psychology, and Personnel Psychology. He has served as Division Chair for the Human Resources Division of the Academy of Management, and currently serves on the Academy of Management’s Board of Governors. His research interests are in the areas of personality, leadership, moods and emotions, and career and life success.




  • Management Competencies
  • Leadership and Decision-Making



"Development of a multidimensional instrument of person-environment fit: The perceived person-environment fit scale (PPEFS).," (with Aichia Chuang, C. T. Shen, Hui Liao, ), To appear in Applied Psychology: An International Review.

"Does West fit with East? In search of a Chinese model of person-environment fit.," (with Aichia Chuang, R. S. Hsu, A.A. C. Wang, ), To appear in Academy of Management Journal.

"What I experienced yesterday is who I am today: Relationship of work motivations and behaviors to within-individual variation in the Five-Factor model of personality.," (with Lauren S Simon, Charlice Hurst, Kenneth Kelley), To appear in Journal of Applied Psychology.

"Age, gender, and compensation: A study of Hollywood movie stars.," (with Irene E. De Pater, Brent A. Scott),  Journal of Management Inquiry, 2014.

"A head start or step behind? Understanding how dispositional and motivational resources influence emotional exhaustion," (with John D Kammeyer-Mueller, Lauren S Simon),  Journal of Management, 20, 2013, 1-21.

"Assessing the trait theory of leadership using self and observer ratings of personality: The mediating role of contributions to group success.," (with Amy E Colbert, Daejeong Choi, Gang Wang),  Leadership Quarterly, 23, 2013, 670-685.

"Beauty, personality, and affect as antecedents of counterproductive work behavior receipt.," (with Brent A Scott, ),  Human Performance, 26, 2013, 93-113.

"Hierarchical representations of the five-factor model of personality in predicting job performance: Integrating three organizing frameworks with two theoretical perspectives.," (with Jessica B Rodell, Ryan L Klinger, Lauren S Simon, Eean R Crawford),  Journal of Applied Psychology, 98, 2013, 875-925.

"Do nice guys – and gals – really finish last? The joint effects of sex and agreeableness on income.," (with Beth A. Livingston, Charlice Hurst),  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 102, 2012, 390-407.

"General and specific measures in organizational behavior research: Considerations, examples, and recommendations for researchers.," (with John D. Kammeyer-Mueller),  Journal of Organizational Behavior, 33, 2012, 161-174.

"Genetic influences on core self-evaluations, job satisfaction, work stress, and employee health: A behavioral genetics mediated model.," (with Remus Ilies, Zhen Zhang),  Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 117, 2012, 208-220.

"Incremental validity of core self-evaluations in the presence of other self-concept traits: An investigation of applied psychology criteria in the United States and China.," (with Joseph C Rode, James Sun),  Journal of Leadership and Organizational Studies, 19, 2012, 326-340.

"Job attitudes.," (with John D. Kammeyer-Mueller),  Annual Review of Psychology, 63, 2012, 341-367.

"On the value of aiming high: The causes and consequences of ambition.," (with John D. Kammeyer-Mueller),  Journal of Applied Psychology, 97, 2012, 758-775.

"The relative impact of complementary leader behaviors: Which matter most?" (with Ronald F. Piccolo, Emily Duehr, Jens Rowold, Kathrin Heinitz, Joyce E. Bono, ),  Leadership Quarterly, 23, 2012, 567-581.

"Transformational leadership and customer service: A moderated mediation model of negativity affectivity and emotion regulation.," (with Aichia Chuang, Yuann J Liaw),  European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 21, 2012, 28-56.

"Happiness as a societal value. ," (with John D. Kammeyer-Mueller),  Academy of Management Perspectives, 25, 2011, 30-41.

"Implications of core self-evaluations for a changing organizational context.," (with John D. Kammeyer-Mueller),  Human Resource Management Review, 21, 2011, 331-341.

"Is the past prologue for some more than others?: The hobo syndrome and job complexity.," (with Jon C. Carr, J. Bret Becton, ),  Journal of Vocational Behavior, 79, 2011, 448–460.

"When it comes to pay, do the thin win? The effect of weight on pay for men and women.," (with Daniel M Cable),  Journal of Applied Psychology, 99, 2011, 95-112.

"A daily investigation of the role of manager empathy on employee well-being.," (with Brent A Scott, Jason A Colquitt, E L Paddock, ),  Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 113, 2010, 127-140.

"A within-individual study of interpersonal conflict as a work stressor: Dispositional and situational moderators.," (with Remus Ilies, Michael D Johnson, Jessica Kenney),  Journal of Organizational Behavior, 2010.

"Are health and happiness the product of wisdom? The relationship of general mental ability to educational and occupational attainment, health, and well-being.," (with Remus Ilies, Nikos Dimotakis),  Journal of Applied Psychology, 95, 2010, 454-468.

"Core self-evaluations as causes of satisfaction: The mediating role of seeking task complexity.," (with Abhishek Srivastava, Edwin A Locke, John W Adams),  Journal of Vocational Behavior, 77, 2010, 255-265.

"Core self-evaluations in Germany: Validation of a German measure and its relationships with career success.," (with Thorsten Stumpp, Peter M Muck, Ute R Hülsheger, Günter W Maier),  Applied Psychology: An International Review, 59, 2010, 674-700.

"In good company?: A multi-study, multi-level investigation of the effects of coworker relationships on employee well-being.," (with Lauren S Simon, Marie D. K. Halvorsen-Ganepola),  Journal of Vocational Behavior, 76, 2010, 534-546.

"The influence of cognitive and affective reactions to feedback on subsequent goals: Role of behavioral inhibition/activation.," (with Remus Ilies, David T Wagner),  European Psychologist, 15, 2010, 121-131.

"The relationship between pay and job satisfaction: A meta-analysis of the literature.," (with Ronald F Piccolo, Nathan P Podsakoff, John C Shaw, Bruce L Rich),  Journal of Vocational Behavior, 77, 2010.

"Time is on my side: Time, general mental ability, human capital, and extrinsic career success.," (with Ryan L Klinger, Lauren S Simon),  Journal of Applied Psychology, 95, 2010.

Book Articles and Chapters

Die positive und negative seiten von eigenschaften bei fuhrungspersonen, (with Ronald F Piccolo, ), Hogrefe Verlag ().

Fitness, adaptation, and survival: Role of socio-anthropic characteristics, personality, and intelligence in work behavior, (with Robert Hogan), The University of Chicago Press ().

Individual differences in leadership, (with David M. Long), Sage Publications ().

Personality, (with Kevin Miliffe), John Wiley & Sons ().

Personality and leadership, (with Robert Hogan, ), Oxford University Press ().

Experience sampling methodology, (with Nicos Dimotakis, Remus Ilies, ), Routledge (2013).


Organizational Behavior, Prentice-Hall (January (1st Quarter/Winter)2014).

Staffing Organizations, McGraw-Hill (January (1st Quarter/Winter)2014).

Essentials of Organizational Behavior, (with Stephen P Robbins, ), Prentice-Hall (January (1st Quarter/Winter)2013).